Essays Scientific Political And Speculative Containing Seven Essays Not Before Published And Various Other Additions Complete

Author: Herbert Spencer
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 1465613870
Size: 61.41 MB
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introspection enabling them in all cases to say what consciousness testifies;
whereas a great proportion of men are incapable of correctly interpreting
consciousness in any but its simplest modes, and even the remainder are liable
to mistake for dicta of consciousness what prove on closer examination not to be
its dicta. Take the case of an arithmetical blunder. A boy adds up a column of
figures, and brings out a wrong total. Again he does it and again errs. His master
asks him to go ...

Science In Democracy

Author: Mark B. Brown
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026201324X
Size: 56.81 MB
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Despite the exhaustiveness of her study on the concept of representation, Pitkin
said very little about representation in science. She suggested, however, that it
would be something of a category mistake to view scientific representation as
intertwined with political representation. “The expert scientist solving a technical
problem is not representative at all, is not deciding anything, is not pursuing
anybody's interest.”1 Pitkin briefly considered the argument that experts such as
doctors and ...

The Science And Politics Of I Q

Author: Leon J. Kamin
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0898591295
Size: 31.98 MB
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The studies of separated MZ twins have ignored the correlated environments of
the twins, as well as artifacts produced by the confounding of age with I.Q. and by
unconscious experimenter bias. The apparent genetic orderliness of summaries
of kinship correlations reflects systematic bias and arbitrary selection of data.
There is in fact much that is not known, and what is known is no more consistent
with a genetic than an environmental interpretation. The kinship data seem not to
have ...

Truth

Author: Felipe Fernandez-Armesto
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1466852399
Size: 74.55 MB
Format: PDF
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On matters of science and politics, however, embarrassingly inexpert episodes
have had the effect of deterring definitive pronouncements. In 1632 Galileo was
arraigned for unlicensed teaching ofthe ... But these forays into science and
politics are no longer made with the authority of the Church. Scientific mistakes,
St Augustine points out, do not invalidate religious authority, unless divine
support is claimed for them. Willingness to accept the truth you are told on human
authority is a ...